[new- I just added text instructions for a more complex kute-uchi braid—called Genji Uchi—at the bottom of this post.]
Nov 30, 2011
Here’s a rather slap-dash post to announce two things—1 is that I recently made a couple of video tutorials on kute-uchi braiding (a Japanese hand-held loop braiding technique). I really wanted to finish up a Readers’ Gallery post and get that posted first, but it just ain’t done yet! Whereas these videos got dashed out in a hurry in answer to a video request, and they ARE done.
The other thing is my (tentative) new blog format—more about that below. Any feedback on this change is welcome—I am not wedded to this format, but certain things about it do seem better than the old one…
Here are the 2 new videos, each demoing one basic Kute-uchi move:
(these were video requests from Petr in the Czech Repuplic! He is very interested in both Kute-uchi and Kumihimo braiding—has now acquired plans for a marudai and is building it himself.)
The “Inside-Through” move, making a 5-loop braid
Below is a video demonstrating the “Outside-Around” move, also making a 5-loop braid
The “inside-through” move is basically identical to V-fell finger-held loop braiding. But there is no equivalent to the kute-uchi “outside-around” move in traditional fingerloop braiding.
New note—I just used “bare loops” in these videos. If you use kute (handles) to hold the loops, it will be easier to control the loops and to keep track of their order. Kute are not hard to make, see these ideas from Joy Boutrup and Maskako Kinoshita. (click link, then scroll down to the footnotes on that page.) In the videos, I tried to hold all the loops spaced apart so they would be easy to see. This is not absolutely necessary or even practical, especially when braiding with more than five loops. Just try to keep them lined up in order. I didn’t actually use kute for any of the braids in the photo below, but I think silk might be very difficult to use without kute.
Once you get used to these moves, you can try using 7 loops, and then more, to make larger versions with more color-pattern possibilities.
Both these two Kute-uchi moves can make a divided, square, and flat braid, pretty much just like the braids in my “Start Here!” 5-loop tutorial for finger-held loop braiding. So, for making these particular braids, there would be no need to learn all three methods—you could just pick the one you like best and learn that one.
The examples above are 16 to 36-loop braids, but all with the same basic structure—which is different from the square and flat braids of the two Kute-uchi videos above. It’s created by alternating the two basic moves shown in the videos, and requires a multiple of four loops. You can actually learn it with only 4 loops, which makes a nice-looking, though very simple little braid. Eight loops makes a braid that looks closer to the ones in the photo, and 12 or 16 look even better. [text instructions here.] Masako Kinoshita’s term for this braid-shape is Genji-uchi. Apparently it looks very similar to a kumihimo braid called Maru-genji-gumi. Here is a quote from Masako Kinoshita’s website:
Genji-uchi…shouldn’t be confused with “MARU GENJI-GUMI,” a kumihimo braid, which is structurally different. Pseudo-Genji braid [described below, in the instructions] … also is structurally different from “MARU GENJI-GUMI.”
When I learned my first Kute-uchi braids, the Outside-Around move was a big surprise to me. I had never seen anything like it with finger-held loop braiding. The braids above were very novel, too. The structure is like 2 square braids enmeshed through each other. Hard to tell in a flat photo, but the braids are very solid, and round or squarish in shape, with 8 ridges (these are the narrow vertical columns of stacked threads—a regular square braid has 4 ridges).
Then a couple of years later I had another surprise, when I learned the 14th C. European “Sudarium braid,” done with finger-held loop braiding by two co-operating braiders (traditionally), which has a very similar shape—though produced by a very different method.
You can read more about Kute-uchi on Masako Kinoshita’s website L-MBRIC:
Masako Kinoshita discovered the long-forgotten technique of kute-uchi in a couple of old Japanese manuscripts. Amazingly, the documents revealed clues to the original method used for braiding the magnificent Japanese royal, samurai, and temple braids: hand-held loops and many cooperating braiders. This was completely counter to the theories of kumihimo historians at the time—they all believed the ancient braids had been made on braiding stands (marudai), even though a marudai big enough for the most complex of these braids would have to be so large that it could not be used by a single braider sitting in one place.
Does this sound familiar? It’s totally parallel to Noemi Speiser’s amazing discoveries from the 17th C. English loop braiding manuscripts. Speiser and Kinoshita were both discovering and decoding ancient loop braiding texts and braids at almost the same time, on opposite sides of the earth. Both of them had to use a lot of ingenuity—the instructions in both sets of manuscripts were obscurely written, and incomplete. The 17th C. English manuscripts, which were the first ones Speiser came upon, were written as if for readers who already understood the basic method and undefined shorthand terminology—most of the essential information was simply omitted.
Apparently the old Japanese manuscripts were written in secretive, veiled terms as if the writer didn’t really want anyone to understand it. A reluctant transcriber of proprietary guild secrets, perhaps. (That’s my own wildly speculative theory about a few of the 15th C English braid instructions, too—that they purposely described a more difficult and convoluted method for certain braids than the writer him/herself may have used—Laces Dawns, Piol, and the Grene Dorge of 12 bows, for example.)
When Kinoshita came across the Japanese manuscript describing Kute-uchi braiding, the last practitioner of kute-uchi had been gone for almost a century, and the technique had been forgotten / sunk into obscurity for even longer, supplanted by Kumihimo stand-and-bobbin braiding.
Kinoshita was eventually able to prove to the initially skeptical Japanese Kumihimo community that it was Kute-uchi hand-held loop braiding rather than kumihimo that had been used to make the ancient, intricate braids that are now national treasures in Japanese museums. The larger kute-uchi braids (kikko and other patterns) were made by two to four or even more braiders working together on one braid.
I took an introductory Kute-uchi workshop from kumihimo master Makiko Tada (also here), who had learned Kute-uchi from Masako Kinoshita. It was a great workshop, and I spent a month afterward doing a lot of Kute-uchi braiding. Unfortunately I haven’t practiced it since. So I hope I am not leading anyone astray! (If any of my information here or in the videos is incorrect, please let me know.)
We learned many more braids than these enmeshed square braids, below is a photo of another type. This is a twined Kute-uchi braid (with very uneven tension!):
This is a simple version—the amazingly elaborate versions that were done in the past (I think only for royalty?) were much wider and more complex, with many ranks of nested diamond shapes forming intricate patterns, not just one column of diamonds like mine. Makiko Tada has made incredible replicas of some of these ancient braids. This braiding structure is now usually done with Kumihimo braiding. A specialized braiding stand called a Karakumidai is used. Each pair of threads is wound on two bobbins which hang separately, rather than being held together as a loop.
To see all my posts relating to Kute-Uchi, go to my sidebar’s “Post Categories” drop-down and click on “kute-uchi.”
About the change in my blog’s format:
Wordpress.com offers several free pre-fab blog formats/looks (called “themes”). I liked some things about my old theme, but it had so much wasted space in the borders, as well as a few other things that bothered me.
Now that I’ve switched, this new theme looks a little pretentious/ overdone compared to my old one, but I do like certain things about it, like not having as much empty space on the sides. Even the big, heavy-looking links to my blog content (tabs for tutorials, posts, ‘about’ pages) up top actually seem helpful, because they stand out so well.
[update Dec 2013 - after two years on this 'new' theme, I just switched to yet another one, hope the change in appearance of this blog isn't too jarring to any regular readers...]
The main problem with a blog (for a teaching/ informative website) is how rambling and disorganized everything is if you don’t organize it. Posts on the homepage are displayed in chronological order—newest on top. This is not always good for a sequence of tutorials, especially since I posted some of the harder ones first! as I had already written them (for LMBRIC) by the time I started this blog. That’s why I added an index to the tutorials as one of my upper menu items.
The good thing about a wordpress.com blog like this one—compared to a website or a wordpress.org install—is that aside from being
free [no longer quite true, after the upgrades I've added, but the basic plan I had for the first couple years was free], it also means I don’t have to understand anything about web design, html, etc. Basically all I needed to know how to do to set it up was to read directions and type. If you are thinking of starting your own blog, google the difference between wordpress.com and wordpress.org, there’s a huge difference! Only wordpress.com gives you a prefab, functioning site. Plus it gives you much better visibility and rating in online searches than your own self-hosted wordpress.org install would—a not-very-well-known but very significant advantage.
I’ve ended up liking the blog format, even for an information-based site. Since it’s just a blog, I didn’t feel that all the pieces had to be in place when I “unveiled” it. Instead, I’m building and organizing it as I go…
Anyway, I’m hoping this new theme/format will be easier to read and navigate. What do you think??? If it doesn’t work out, I may try yet another one—so if everything looks different again the next time you visit you’ll know why.
“Genji-Uchi” kute-uchi braid — first photo in post:
Here are text instructions for
Genji-Uchi [see further below for true Genji-uchi, the first instructions are for a VERY similar braid called Pseudo-Genji]:
First learn the braiding moves in both the videos above—Pseudo-genji and Genji-uchi use a combination of both those moves.
The minimum number of loops for Pseudo-Genji is four loops—2 loops on each hand. This is good for learning the braid.
An 8-loop version looks more like the braids in my photo.
The total number of loops should be a multiple of 4, (so 4, 8, 12, 16, etc).
A great color pattern for learning this braid:
Lengthwise columns of 2 different color-groups
Decide what colors you want half of the columns to be, and what colors you want the other columns to be.
CUT THE YARN: Half the loops should be color group X, and half should be color group Y. It’ll be easier to braid if at least one of these two groups is a single, distinctive color—say, all black. The other loops could be one other color, or a mix of colors, but they should all contrast with black (just to be easier to braid. Not a rule!—later , after you learn the braid, of course some loops of the Y color group can be black, too.)
ALTERNATE the two groups of colors [color group X and color group Y] when you put the loops onto each hand. The loops should be in x, y, x, y order on each hand. (The same, matching, order on both hands). Unlike the braids in the videos, Genji-uchi starts with the same number of loops on each hand.
EVERY OTHER LOOP (matching on the two hands) will end up together on the braid. So, in the finished braid, the ‘evens’ of both hands (say, color-group x) will all be stacked together in some columns, and the ‘odds’ of both hands (color-group y) will all be stacked together in other columns.*
(Later, if you use bicolor loops, you can have narrower columns of 4 different color-groups.)
The columns look clearer in the braid if one of the two color-groups is a single, solid color—say all black loops for the even-number loops (color-group X). Which also makes it much easier to keep the loops in the correct order on your hands while you are braiding.
BRAID in pairs of moves from both the videos:
The first 2 loop transfers (left and right) will be outside-around, and the next 2 will be inside-through. Repeat in this way for the whole braid. If you’ve lined up your colors correctly, you will be making the outside-around moves on all the X colors, and inside-through moves on all the Y colors.
TURN each loop when transferring it. (If you are using 8 loops or more, go ahead and try transferring loops without turning—you’ll get an interesting result!)
New info:–turning all of the loops actually results in a braid called “Pseudo-Genji” which is almost identical in appearance to Genji-uchi.
For true Genji-uchi : TURN the loops that go “outside-around,” but DON’T turn the loops that come “inside-through”. When using bicolor loops, I think there will be a slight difference in where the colors end up in the vertical columns in Genji-uchi vs. Pseudo Genji-uchi…so slight you may not even notice the difference. I checked my old notes, and the braids in my photo are true Genji-Uchi braids, I just hadn’t remembered the method correctly when I first wrote this up. I am not 100% sure that the true Genji-Uchi braid will work with only 4 loops, you’ll probably need to use 8. (let me know if it does!) Might be safer to use 8. I do know that the “pseudo-genji-uchi”—turning all the loops—works with only 4 loops, I tested that when I wrote the instructions.—Ingrid Sep 30,’12
Try not to get the loops out of order, or the color-pattern will disappear. If you notice that they are out of order, try to get them back into that alternating x-color, y-color order and keep going. Keep alternating the two sets of moves.
Try other color-arrangements, but always use the same two moves (2 outside-around, 2 inside-through, 2 outside-around, 2 inside-through, etc). And you must use 8, or 12, 16, 20, etc loops (a multiple of 4).
These braids can have other color patterns, the colors don’t have to be columns. In the photo, the first two braids on the left have zigzag rows of colors. I think I must have set those up with every two (or 4?) loops of each hand the SAME color, alternating with two (4?) more loops of one other color. (This zigzag stripe pattern requires at least 8 loops, can’t be made with only 4.)
It should be possible to squeeze a third color in as well, to get, say a black, blue, black, tan order to the stripes, when seen from certain sides of the braid. I may have done this in those first two braids by using bicolor loops—each non-black loop made from both of the two non-black colors. (I’m too lazy to go check my old notes on these samples right now, but if you are interested, just ask, I do have notes on all of them.)
Let me know if this works out! If it doesn’t, maybe that will get me into going back to my old notebooks and making a better set of instructions…
* There will be 4 apparent columns (two each of the two color-groups), but each apparent column is really made up of 2 columns/ridges of slanting threads. If you use bicolor loops, you can use 4 color-groups, and arrange them so that each of these 8 (true) columns shows as a separate column.
To see all my posts relating to Kute-Uchi, go to my sidebar’s “Post Categories” drop-down and click on “kute-uchi.”