# Odd

Here’s a tutorial for a very non-traditional 12-loop “Odd” braid with an unusual number of loop-transfers: Five!

It has the same (in general) 2/2-twill type of interlacing as a 5-loop square braid and a 10-loop double braid, because each loop is always transferred through two other loops.

To make it as a team braid, the right braider would hold 5 loops and do regular square braid moves: two loop transfers in every ‘row’ of braiding.

But the left braider would braid something very odd: a “Square-and-a-Half” braid. That is, a wider-than-square braid of 7 loops and three loop-transfers – one more loop transfer than a square braid. Three loop transfers means that the braiding moves are different on the left and right hands, another odd thing about the braid. Text instructions for two different ways to make the fun Square-and-a-Half braid are here, further down this page.

Ok, back to the larger 12-loop “Odd” braid: if you add the square-and-a-half braid to a regular square braid – side-by-side – together into one braid, they become a 5-transfer braid of 10 ridges, with a fell shape of N (square-and-a-half) + V (square braid) = NV. Totally odd! If made by a solo braider, this larger braid also requires different braiding moves on the right and left hands – like its little sister the 7-loop Square-and-a-half braid.

Braiding it by myself, I hold seven loops on the left hand, and five loops on the the right – demoed in the video below. An obvious question might be “Why not go for 7 loops and three loop transfers on both hands? The more loops the better, right?”

You could use this 7-loop strategy on both hands and make some nice braids. But what I’m interested in is the odd number of transfers, because if you use bicolor loops, and turn all the loop transfers, you can get some really fun and asymmetrical color-patterns.

Above is a video tutorial for my solo-braider strategy for this braid. It can also be made by two braiders working together, one braiding a 5-loop square braid, and the other braiding a 7-loop square-and-a-half braid.*

So far, I think this is my only video that demos an outside-around move with finger-held loops – it’s in the first loop transfer, where I lift the innermost 2 loops of the left little finger over/ around the outermost loop. I use this type of move for any braid in which I’m holding two or more loops on the thumb or little finger, and I want the outermost loop to be transferred INWARD, through the neighboring loop or loops on that same finger. (In this case, the actual “transferring” loop is not itself physically lifted and moved! Instead, the two loops it moves through are lifted and moved around the transferring loop.)

Corrections to video:
1. After the 3rd loop transfer (to the thumb) I repeatedly refer to an upper SHANK as the “upper LOOP”, sorry! There’s only one loop, with two shanks, an upper shank and a lower shank.
2. In the video I say that there are 12 cycles to one pattern-repeat, but actually that’s a half-repeat – with bicolor loops, a full pattern-repeat for this braid takes 24 cycles. The half-repeat is a good point to check the loops, though, because they should all be back on the fingers where they started, though with the opposite shank colors upward.

Braid samples

12-loop 5-transfer braids, “solid rectangle” variation (all loops are turned when transferred). Top two braids have all bicolor loops. Lowest braid has 11 red/white bicolor loops, and one all-black loop.

(Set-up instructions for the 3 color-patterns shown above follow the endnotes.)

Cross-section diagrams:

Noémi Speiser’s track-plan system. Idealized cross-sections of both component braids on left, and of the combined braid on right. Track-plans are also like flow charts of the over-under pathway(s) taken by the strands in a braid.

Another solid-rectangle 5-transfer braid. This busier color-pattern was the result of a mistake in loading the loops on my fingers for a different pattern. 10 bicolor red/white loops and two all-black loops.

Structural variations:
To get asymmetrical bicolor-loop color patterns doesn’t actually require turning all the loop transfers, just an odd number of them. So braid shape variations other than the solid rectangle braid can result in ‘regular’, more symmetrical braid patterns if an even number of transfers are turned, but asymmetrical patterns if an odd number are turned, as in the Side-Slit examples below. The Side-slit braid variation requires 3 turned transfers (in the center of the braid), and 2 straight (unreversed/open) transfers – one on each edge of the braid.

Side-slit shape variation of the 5-transfer braid. 3 turned loop transfers, and 2 straight loop transfers – one at each edge of the braid.

Track-plan diagram: cross-section of the Side-slit variation braids above

The component Square-and-a-half braid has some fun asymmetrical patterns, too:

7-loop Square-And-a-Half braids of 3 loop transfers, several shape and color-pattern variations (instructions here). Right braid made with doubled strands of embroidery floss, all other braids single strands.

Aside from the more familiar example of flat braids, I first stumbled onto this type of asymmetrical color-pattern back when I was experimenting with double braid variations. Double braids have 4 loop transfers in each cycle, or row, of braiding. At least 3 possible double braids require an odd number of turned loop transfers: the Flat double braid, the Half-hollow double braid, and the Single Side-slit double braid. (I teach the last two in my article on Double Braids in the Braids 2012 Conference Proceedings book Threads That Move, see photos from article below, and links to sites that carry the Proceedings book in sidebar.) The latter two double braids require 3 turned loop transfers and a single straight loop transfer. Because of that ‘oddness,’ their bicolor-loop color-patterns are very asymmetrical, with pattern repeats that are twice as long as those of a solid rectangle double braid (20 cycles rather than 10 for a 10-loop braid):

10-loop, 4-transfer Double braids with 3 turned loop transfers – Single Side-slit shape.

10-loop, 4-transfer Double braids of 3 turned loop transfers – Half-hollow shape. (Strands That Move article on double braids).

The brown-and-white color-pattern above reminds me of random cow-skin blotches! The blotches actually do repeat eventually, but the pattern repeat is twice as long as that of a double braid having an even number of turned loop transfers.

“Regular”, symmetrical patterns for the 12-loop “Odd” braid:
The “Odd” 5-transfer braid can have symmetrical bicolor-loop color patterns if you turn an even number of the total 5 transfers.

Edge pattern (lengthwise stripes of color down the braid ridges) is only possible in braids that have an even number of turned loop transfers. You can’t braid an Edge pattern if you turn all the loop transfers in my 5-transfer “Odd” braid. But you can get an edge pattern if you don’t turn one of the transfers:

12-loop braid of 5 loop transfers and two different structures: Top half is the Single Side-slit shape, and bottom half is the Central-tube shape. Both have 4 turned loop-transfers and one straight (open) transfer. Both can be made with an “Edge” pattern of lengthwise striping.

The shadow under this braid makes it hard to tell that the top half of the braid has a wider black edge along the left side than along the right. (Visible if you click to enlarge the photo twice.)

The top half of the braid has a “Single Side-slit” structure – four turned loop transfers, and the leftmost transfer straight (no turn/ open/ unreversed). That’s the edge of the braid with a shallow slit into it, dividing the upper and lower layers of the braid. That black edge is wider than the black edge on the right side of the braid. So the braid has an asymmetrical shape (one edge slit, the other solid), but can have symmetrical bicolor loop color-patterns – the evenly alternating blue-gold horizontal stripes for example, and an ‘Edge’ pattern. Neither are possible if all 5 transfers are turned.

The lower part of the braid was braided also with four turned transfers, but here the single straight transfer is at dead center of the braid, creating a narrow hollow area down the middle of the braid. Its ‘Edge’ pattern has equally-narrow black edges. And in this case the structure is symmetrical too, since the straight transfer happens in the exact center of the braid.

Update – I forgot to include the following shape variation when I first posted, adding it now (7-7-19):
Below are a couple of samples of the 2-Tubes shape variation. This braid has a symmetrical shape, like the central-tube variation above, but has an odd number of turned loop transfers, so tends to have asymmetrical bicolor loop color-patterns:

Two-tubes shape variation of the 5-transfer braid. Two narrow hollow areas, one on each side of center of braid. Odd number of turned loop transfers.

I’ve only braided these two samples of this braid so far. The first pattern in the blue and black sample started with all dark shanks upward on the fingers. I vaguely expected an asymmetrical ‘blotches’ pattern, but instead got a much busier one. I then switched to this braid’s version of the Broken Edge pattern (longest possible stretch of darks or lights in each braid column). The black and gray sample is also this “Broken Edge” pattern.

Track-plan diagram of the Two-Tubes variation braids above. The upper and lower layers of the braid are connected at the sides and in the center. There are 2 hollow areas through the braid, one on each side of the mid-line.

End notes:

All these 5-transfer braids are 2/2 twill (more or less), like a 5-loop square braid or 10-loop double braid, because transferred loops are always pulled through 2 adjacent loops. (Some of the twill ridges can actually end up having a span of 3 or 1 due to factors I don’t want to get into here!)

You can also make 5-transfer braids with fewer loops, by pulling some or all of the transfers through only 1 loop, for either a plain-weave, or a mixed plain-weave and twill 5-transfer braid (like my 6 and 8-loop double braids).

I’m sure there are several other possible ways to do the braiding moves. I gravitated to this configuration of moves because it recycles some of my letterbraid strategies for the left hand loops. The right hand moves are the way I usually undo double braids (in the reverse order, though).

7-loop Square-And-a-Half braids of 3 loop transfers, several shape and color-pattern variations. Right braid made with doubled strands of embroidery floss, all other braids single strands.

7-loop Square-and-a-Half braid:
Either on its own, or if one braider of a team will be braiding this braid, there are a few different ways to make the 7-loop, 3-transfer “Square-and-a-half” braid. Text directions for 2 different ways below.
Note: For either method, left and right hands do very different moves.

The first method requires holding a loop with the left thumb. The second method doesn’t require using either thumb, but instead the left ring finger has to do a rather convoluted move.

R = right; L = left
th(umb), a, b, c, d = thumb, index, middle, ring, little fingers
Ra = right index finger, or the loop on the right index.

1st method (using left thumb):
7 loops: Lthumb, a, b, c, d; Ra, b

3 Loop transfers:
1. Rc (fetcher finger) thru Ld and Lc, takes Lb. (Lc and d shift up one position)
Tighten.
2. Ra is the new fetcher – it will move the Left b loop to Left thumb: Ra goes (from above the loop) thru Lthumb and La, to take Lb through them, and temporarily hold it. Lthumb and La shift down one position, making room on Lthumb. Then Ra places the taken loop onto Lthumb. (No tightening move)
[fetching finger must go through Lth and La “from behind” the loop as in Slentre and A-fell braiding. See this exact move in the 12-loop video above at 5:00 min.s into the video (in that braid it’s the 3rd loop transfer).]
3. Ld goes thru Rc and Rb, takes Ra. (Rc and Rb shift up one position).
Tighten.

For a solid rectangle braid, turn the loop each time you transfer it.

2nd method (no thumbs needed):
The first two loop transfers are somewhat similar to the Spanish 7-loop braid. Here, though, loops are always transferred through two adjacent loops, never through just one.
The tricky move is the second loop transfer, which has to be done by the left ring finger (not the middle finger as in the 7-loop Spanish braid) reaching through the little-finger loops of both hands, to fetch the right hand’s ring finger loop.

7 loops: La, b, c; Ra, b, c, d

3 Loop transfers:
1. Right A is fetcher. Ra thru Left c, b, takes La, places it on Ld.
Lb, c shift up one position, vacating Lc (ring finger) to be next fetching finger.
2. Lc thru Ld, Rd, takes Rc.
Rd shifts up to Rc.
Tighten.
3. Left A is fetcher. La thru Right A and Rb (from above and thru the back of the loops as in A-fell braiding), takes Rc and temporarily holds it.
Ra, b shift down one position.
La places taken loop onto Ra.
Tighten.

Note: These braids could also be made with the opposite direction of moves, in the same way that you would unbraid the braid I teach here. But if I wanted to braid in that “backwards” direction solo for the 12-loop braid, I might try to work out another way to hold the loops than having three on the left little finger. It’s not as convenient to unbraid in that configuration as it is to braid.

12-loop solid-rectangle patterns: “Stairstep Edge”, “Blue Blotches”, “Stairstep Edge with Contrast Black Loop”

Colors and starting set-up positions for the 12-loop solid rectangle braids in photo above.
(Solid-rectangle = all transfers turned.)

Th, A, B, C, D, Dlo, Dmid, Dhi = Thumb, Index, Middle, Ring, Little fingers; lastly: Low, Mid, High loop positions on little finger (of left hand only)

First color-pattern: “Stairstep Edge”
[for a 2-color version, substitute white for all the pastel colors]
12 bicolor loops of black/ pastel color
4 Yellow/black; 4 Purple/black; 4 Pink/black

In set-up instructions “Yellow/black” = yellow shank UP/ black shank DOWN.

(Ignore the numbers in parentheses below! They are not necessary for loading these patterns. They might be helpful when planning your own color-patterns. Explained at the bottom of the page.)

Left hand:
Th – Black/pink
A — Black/pink
B — Black/pink
C — Pink/ black
Dlo — Purple/black
Dmid – Purple/black
Dhi — Yellow/black

(5) (11)
(4) (10)
(3) (9)
(6) (12)
(2) (8)
(1) (7)
(7) (1)

Right hand:
Th – Black/yellow
A — Black/purple
B — Yellow/ black
C — Yellow/ black
D — Purple/ black

(10) (4)
(11) (5)
(9) (3)
(8) (2)
(12) (6)

2nd Color-pattern: “Blotches”
I used 3 shades of blue, but this pattern also looks very striking with just white and dark blue – more graphic and bold.

12 bicolor loops
4 Blue/white; 4 Turquoise/white; 4 Navy/white

Left hand:
Th – Blue/ White
A — Blue/ White
B — Blue/ White
C — Blue/ White
Dlo — Navy/ White
Dmid – Navy/ White
Dhi — Turquoise/White

Right hand:
Th – Turq/White
A — Navy/ White
B — Turq/White
C — Turq/White
D — Navy/ White

3rd color-pattern: “Stairstep Edge + Black contrast loop”

11 bicolor loops of Red/ white
1 single-color loop of all-Black

Left hand:
Th – Red/white
A — Red/white
B — Red/white
C — White/ red
Dlo — White/ red
Dmid – White/ red
Dhi — Black loop

Right hand:
Th – Red/white
A — Red/white
B — White/ red
C — White/ red
D — White/ red

Numbers in parentheses: The two columns of numbers in parentheses (listed next to the loop set-ups for the first braid) are for setting up a particular color-order in a braid.

1st column of parentheses = Loop Sequence in a 12-loop “Odd” Braid
In this column, the first loop in the sequence, loop #1, is shown as the Left D-mid loop (middle loop of the three on the left little finger). Loops are numbered in the order they will appear after loop #1 in the braid, or rather down each of the lengthwise columns (‘ridges’) of the braid. This order is actually circular, so could theoretically start with any loop, but for convenience I usually consider Loop #1 to be the first loop that will move from the left hand to the right hand (because that way all the loops of one hand will be counted first, followed by all the loops of the other hand).

Loop #2 is the NEXT loop that will move from the left to the right hand. The loops will all follow each other in this circular and repeating order shown in the first column of parentheses. This is the same order for all the shape variations of this braid, not just the solid rectangle.

Since the order is circular, in reality there is no particular finger it “starts” on. With a braid of only single color loops, you could load your desired color-order of loops onto the fingers in this circular order starting at any finger, and get the same resulting color-pattern.

2nd column of parentheses = Bicolor-Loop Set-up order for the Solid Rectangle shape
Note: this order is dependent on the dark and light shanks starting out in the specific up/down arrangement given in the set-ups above.

This column actually is numbered in the same circular order as the first column, but here the sequence starts at the loop that is labeled #7 in the left column of numbers. Here, in the right column, loop #1 is shown as the Left D-high loop, which means loop # 2 is on the other hand (it’s the same loop that follows this loop in the first column: Right C).

Reason for starting sequence in this weird place!:
To set up a particular color-sequence for one or both of the two bicolors. Here, the pastels are in a particular order – 4 yellows, 4 purples, 4 pinks.

In setting up with bicolor loops, even though the physical loop order on the fingers is the same as with single-color loops, there are really twice the number of strands to plan. With bicolor loops, the ‘ups’ and ‘downs’ of the dark/light shanks must be carefully arranged.

If you want all your dark shanks to show up first in each column, followed by all your light shanks (the Stairstep or Broken Edge pattern), you must start with some loops dark-up and other loops light-up on your fingers. That’s because, with this particular braid, the first twelve shanks that will all follow each other down each braid column are not all the upper or all the lower shanks of your starting set-up.

To me, the simplest set-up for the solid-rectangle’s ‘stairstep Edge’ pattern is the Dark – Light set-up I itemized above, for the first braid set-up.

Ok, (finally!) now the reason for the second sequence of numbered loops: In the case of the first color-pattern above, the light-colored shanks are not all one color, they are three pastels in a particular order, so that order has to be planned on the fingers as well.

1. Basic Dark-Light Stairstep/ Broken Edge pattern: 12 dark strands followed by 12 light strands down each lengthwise ridge (column) of the braid.
For this braid’s solid rectangle shape, I find that the simplest set-up arrangement for the “Broken/ Stairstep Edge” pattern is to start with the dark and light shanks in the up/down positions given above. (Several other arrangements would work too, this one just seems the simplest to me.)

2. Gradation of colors within Stairstep Edge: If either the dark or the light color group has a range of colors in a certain order, like the pastel colors in the first braid (4 yellows, 4 purples, 4 pink strands), then – given the particular dark-light up/down starting set-up above, the first color of the pastel sequence that will appear after all the blacks will be the pastel shank in Left D-high starting position. That particular strand will be the first pastel strand to appear in every column immediately following each long stretch of black. So the next color following it down the ridge will be the one on Right C, etc etc. This is the same circular order as shown in the first column of parentheses. However it starts at a different finger-position, so the sequence doesn’t neatly follow all the loops of one hand before the other.

If I hadn’t followed that order in setting up the pastel colors on my fingers (1st pastel color on the Left Dhigh loop, then Rc, Rb etc), it wouldn’t have changed the overall dark-light pattern, it would just mix up the order of the pastel colors within the pattern.

However, if the starting Up/down arrangement of the dark and light shanks of the bicolor loops were arbitrarily changed, the larger dark-light pattern would probably be completely altered (maybe with a wonderful resulting color-pattern!).

Like Edge-pattern in more symmetrical braids, the “Broken/Stairstep Edge” pattern is a great starting point for coming up with other color patterns.

Posted July 2, 2019
Last updated Oct 3, 2020